CHALLENGER COMMUNITY NEWS / BLACK HISTORY

Fidel Castro and Cubans Played Major Role in HelpingBlack People Fight Colonialism and White Supremacy

 *Cuba Provided Assistance in ANC’s Fight Against Apartheid

MANDELLA FIDEL

Cuba under Castro opposed apartheid and supported the African National Congress (ANC). While in Angola, the Caribbean country provided a territorial base of support to the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC), which was exiled by the Apartheid regime. By 1990, succumbing to increased international pressures, South African President F. W. de Klerk reinstated the ANC and released Nelson Mandela.

 *Cuba Supported the Angolan War of Independence

The Angolan War of Independence was a struggle for control of Angola between guerrilla movements and Portuguese colonial authority. Cuba supplied the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) rebels with weapons and soldiers to fight. The Cuban military would fight alongside the MPLA in major battles.

 *Cuba Prevented  South African Apartheid Regime From Taking Over Angola

In October of 1975, South Africa invaded Angola with the support of the U.S. government to overthrow the left-wing Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in the soon-to-be independent country.In 1988, Cuban troops intervened again and also convinced the Soviet Union to back the People’s Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola (FAPLA) offensive against UNITA, which was supported by South Africa.

The impact of  the victory of Black Cuban and Angolan soldiers resonated far beyond the battlefield and is credited to have lead to the overturning of white minority rule in southern Africa and the later collapse of the Apartheid Regime in South Africa, ultimately shattering of the illusion of White invincibility.

(PART 2 CONCLUSION NEXT WEEK)