Bessie Coleman 


Bessie Coleman, (January 26, 1892 – April 30, 1926), was an American civil aviator. She was the first woman of African American descent, and the first of Native American descent (her father was African American and Cherokee) , to hold a pilot license.She achieved her international pilot license in 1921.Born to a family of sharecroppers in Texas, she went into the cotton fields at a young age but also studied in a small segregated school and went on to attend one term of college at Langston University. She developed an early interest in flying, but because neither African Americans, Native Americans, nor women had flight school opportunities in the United States, she saved up money to go to France to become a licensed pilot. She soon became a successful air show pilot in the United States, and hoped to start a school for African American fliers. She died at age 34 in a plane crash in 1926 while testing her new aircraft. Her pioneering role was an inspiration to early pilots and to the African American and Native American community.

*The image of Bessie Coleman is from the African Heritage Streetscape along Fillmore Avenue between E. Ferry and Parade.